Chart of Raymond Cattell's 16PF

Raymond Cattell's 16PF is a questionnaire that measures major personality traits. These traits (or factors) were discovered by analyzing thousands of adjectives that describe human behaviour. Some of the original factors were dropped (D, J, K) and others were later added (Q1-Q4) resulting in the following sixteen. The first chart shows how the 16 factors can be further narrowed into the Global 5 Supertraits (see also The Big Five ) and the second outlines each factor in detail.

Raymond Catell 16pf personality factors

High Scorers:

Low Scorers:

Global 5 Supertraits:


Affectothymia: Warm, outgoing, attentive to others, kindly, easy-going, participating, likes people Schizothymia: Impersonal, distant, cool, reserved, detached, formal, aloof Extraversion
also Receptivity


Higher Scholastic Mental Capacity: Abstract-thinking, more intelligent, bright, higher general mental capacity, fast learner Lower Scholastic Mental Capacity:Concrete thinking, lower general mental capacity, less intelligent, unable to handle abstract problems n/a

(Emotional Stability)

Higher Ego Strength: Emotionally stable, adaptive, mature, faces reality calmly Lower Ego Strength: Reactive emotionally, changeable, affected by feelings, emotionally less stable, easily upset Anxiety


Dominance: Dominant, forceful, assertive, aggressive, competitive, stubborn, bossy Submissiveness: Deferential, cooperative, avoids conflict, submissive, humble, obedient, easily led, docile, accommodating Independence


Surgency: Lively, animated, spontaneous, enthusiastic, happy go lucky, cheerful, expressive, impulsive Desurgency: Serious, restrained, prudent, taciturn, introspective, silent Extraversion
also Self Control(-)


High Super Ego Strength: Rule-conscious, dutiful, conscientious, conforming, moralistic, staid, rule bound Low Super Ego Strength: Expedient, nonconforming, disregards rules, self indulgent Self Control


Parmia: Socially bold, venturesome, thick skinned, uninhibited Threctia: Shy, threat-sensitive, timid, hesitant, intimidated Extraversion
also Independence


Premsia: Sensitive, aesthetic, sentimental, tender minded, intuitive, refined Harria: Utilitarian, objective, unsentimental, tough minded, self-reliant, no-nonsense, rough Receptivity


Protension: Vigilant, suspicious, skeptical, distrustful, oppositional Alaxia: Trusting, unsuspecting, accepting, unconditional, easy Independence
also Anxiety


Autia: Abstract, imaginative, absent minded, impractical, absorbed in ideas Praxernia: Grounded, practical, prosaic, solution oriented, steady, conventional Receptivity
also Self Control(-)


Shrewdness: Private, discreet, nondisclosing, shrewd, polished, worldly, astute, diplomatic Artlessness: Forthright, genuine, artless, open, guileless, naive, unpretentious, involved Extraversion(-)


Guilt Proneness: Apprehensive, self doubting, worried, guilt prone, insecure, worrying, self blaming Untroubled: Self-Assured, unworried, complacent, secure, free of guilt, confident, self satisfied Anxiety

(Openness to Change)

Radicalism: Open to change, experimental, liberal, analytical, critical, free thinking, flexibility Conservatism: Traditional, attached to familiar, conservative, respecting traditional ideas Receptivity
also Independence

(Self Reliance)

Self-Sufficiency: Self-reliant, solitary, resourceful, individualistic, self sufficient Group Adherence: Group-oriented, affiliative, a joiner and follower dependent Extraversion(-)


High Self-Concept Control: Perfectionistic, organized, compulsive, self-disciplined, socially precise, exacting will power, control, self-sentimental Low Integration: Tolerates disorder, unexacting, flexible, undisciplined, lax, self-conflict, impulsive, careless of social rules, uncontrolled Self Control


High Ergic Tension: Tense, high energy, impatient, driven, frustrated, over wrought, time driven Low Ergic Tension: Relaxed, placid, tranquil, torpid, patient, composed low drive Anxiety

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